Education System GERMANY
The German education system provides primary, secondary and tertiary education.
Sending children to kindergarten is not mandatory in Germany because it is not part of the regular public school system. Nevertheless, over 67% of children from three to six attend kindergarten. In Germany, most kindergartens are established and monitored by churches, organizations and private companies.
Grundschule (primary school)
Compulsory education in Germany starts in elementary school, called Grundschule, from grade 1 to grade 4 students learn basic skills such as reading, writing, mathematics and religion. A special class called “Heimat and Sachunterricht” is also conducted in which information on local history, geography and biology is communicated to students. It is at this stage that students are evaluated on their academic skills, learning speed, and intelligence, and promoted to grade 5. The decision also depends on the will of the parents.
Hauptschule, Realschule or Gymnasium
According talent and choice of family members, students are sent to one of three schools – Hauptschule, Realschule or Gymnasium. Hauptschule is the lowest track in the German education system, starting with category 5 and lasts until grade 9 Here, students are prepared for professions that require training, in addition to being educated in subjects Basic and English. At the end of Hauptschule, pupils can opt for a vocational school for a period of 2 years. A little more advanced than the Realschule Hauptschule is beginning in the fifth year and continues through Grade 10 core subjects are taught to students with the pattern of training for mid-level jobs in the industry. Students can get themselves transferred to a gym if they are eligible for high academic grades.
The Gymnasium prepares students for entry into a university and starts from the 5th to the 13th year means that students undergo nine years of formal education at this level. Besides the basic school subjects, students should learn two foreign languages, from which one must be in English, 13th of quality to prepare Abitur, a review needed to research the admission in a university. Besides the three types of schools, there is also a comprehensive school Gesamtschule called sprinkling in some federal states, as it is a recent development. It covers grades 5 to 10. It combines all three levels, based on the development of the student’s qualifications. Thus, students with satisfactory grades can receive the Hauptschule certificate after Grade 9 and those with improved results after the 10th year, receive the certificate of Realschule.
On completion of the primary and secondary schooling, students opting for higher education through one of three educational institutions – universities, applied sciences colleges and art and music colleges. Full range of academic subjects offered by universities, aim to provide research and classical academic and theoretical training. In recent decades, universities in Germany have changed in global institutions, divided into faculties, colleges and schools offering a plethora of interdisciplinary studies such as medicine, law, science, engineering, business management, economics, social sciences, agriculture, and forestry.
A wide range of courses of study oriented practice are offered by universities of applied sciences, as they are known in German. They are also called professional academies in some states as they are more focused on industry needs and follow a strict and tighter program. Areas of study include engineering, economics, social work, public and legal administration, and health and therapy. Art and music colleges generally form part of universities and technical colleges. They relate to a degree and postgraduate offered in the film and media courses, theater, architecture, performing arts, fine arts, design and music.
Similar to the higher education system followed in most parts of the world, Germany has changed its system to enter the bachelor’s degree and master structure, such as the Bologna Process. Thus, the holder of a bachelor’s degree may be obtained after a study period of at least 3 years, once the student completes 180 study credit points. The next higher education level is Master’s degree which requires one or two years of study and accumulation of 120 credit points. Successful students are awarded with a master’s degree, the equivalent of the “Diploma” German attainment ‘Magister’. A doctoral program taken after graduation requires a written and oral exam dissertation to obtain the title of PhD or PhD. Students in the PhD program are called Doktoranden.
There Are Mainly Two Types Of Institutions Of Higher Education In Germany
- Universities (including Universities of Technology, abbr. TU)
- Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen, abbr. FH)
- Bachelors Degree – Duration 3 to 4 years
- Masters Degree – Duration 1.5 to 2 years
- PhD (Doctoral Degree) – Duration minimum 3 years
Why Study In Germany?
Germany is a place of remarkable beauty and the magnificent splendor. The country is almost certainly associated with learning because the oldest university in Belgium was founded in Heidelberg in 1386. Germany, the hub of engineering and technological knowledge and expertise and a robust center of literature, music and the arts, Germany continues to attract people from all over the world Because of its well-constructed system of education.
Germany currently has a lot more than 300 higher education corporations including 82 universities, 132 these institutions that offer training shorter, practice-oriented, and various other institutions. Germany has a higher participation of foreign college students as it offers numerous study opportunities. Furthermore, while the world is discussing how to make a more readily available quality education, Germans have made world class learning Affordable, accessible and available to the vast majority of its national and international population.
German universities are autonomous and provide a focus on research and teaching. German universities offering medical courses, law, English, The german language, and various other exercises. Academic freedom is one of many characteristics of the The german language university system and is probably the reasons why public universities in Germany don’t charge fees.
English Language Requirements For Studying In Germany Universities Is
- TOEFL Test :
550 points (on the paper-based test)
213 points (on the computer-based test)
79/80 points (on the internet-based test)
- IELTS : 6.0 points
Visa Information Germany
Indians staying in Germany for more than 90 days need a visa to enter the country – in the case of students, a student visa, or if they are still getting a place, a visa for a candidate . Students are advised not to enter the country with a tourist visa because it cannot be converted into a residence permit once the student is in Germany.
To stay in Germany for more than 90 days, you will need to obtain a residence permit (before 90 days was released).
To obtain one of these foreign students must be able to provide a certificate of enrollment at the university they attend, proof that they have registered with the authorities (when students reach Germany they must register with the local foreign nationals) and a valid proof of sufficient finances and health insurance. A residence permit issued for the purpose of the study is valid for a maximum of two years. Students should take care to renew well in time.